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Choosing the Right Material for Windows and Doors

by Tia

Windows and doors are the gateway to natural light, ventilation, and security in our homes. When it comes to selecting the right frame material, the choices often narrow down to four primary options: Aluminium, Steel, Wood, and PVC. Each frame material brings its unique set of advantages and considerations, making the decision a crucial one for homeowners. At Fenster, we understand the importance of this choice and aim to provide you with a comprehensive comparison to help you make an informed and practical decision.


Renowned for its strength, versatility, and sleek appearance, aluminium windows and doors have soared in popularity for good reason. Their robustness allows for slim frames, maximising the glass area and flooding your space with natural light. At Fenster, our aluminium offerings boast thermal efficiency, noise reduction, and outstanding security features, providing you peace of mind while complementing your architectural vision.


  • Durability: Aluminium is known for its exceptional durability, making it resistant to corrosion, rust, and weather damage. It’s ideal for regions prone to extreme weather conditions.
  • Low Maintenance: This frame material requires minimal upkeep and is resistant to warping or rotting over time.
  • Slim Profiles: Aluminium allows for sleek and modern designs, providing larger glass areas for more natural light.
  • Recyclability: It’s highly recyclable, making it an eco-friendly choice.


  • Thermal Conductivity: Without proper thermal breaks, aluminium windows can conduct heat and cold, leading to potential energy loss if not insulated correctly.


Steel is synonymous with strength and security. Steel windows and doors exude a timeless elegance, often adorning historical and contemporary buildings alike. As a frame material, steel’s durability is unmatched, providing exceptional resistance against impacts and intruders. 


  • Strength and Security: Steel offers unparalleled strength, providing robust security against forced entry.
  • Slim Profiles: Similar to aluminium, using steel as a frame material for your windows and doors, will provide support for large expanses of glass for better views and natural light.


  • Corrosion: If not adequately protected or maintained, steel can be susceptible to rust and corrosion, especially in humid or coastal areas.
  • Weight: Steel is heavier than other materials, requiring more substantial support structures.

Installation and Maintenance difficulty: Steel window frames usually require putty for window installation. Window putty needs to be painted and eventually replaced as it will start to crack as it gets older.


The classic choice with natural warmth and charm, appeals to many homeowners for its aesthetic appeal. Wood, as a frame material for windows and doors, can effortlessly enhance the ambiance of a space, adding a touch of traditional elegance.


  • Aesthetic Appeal: Wood brings a natural and warm aesthetic, adding character and charm to homes.
  • Insulation: Wood provides excellent insulation properties, reducing energy consumption and noise transmission.
  • Environmental Benefits: Sustainably sourced wood is renewable and has a lower carbon footprint compared to other materials.


  • Maintenance: Wood requires regular maintenance, including painting or staining, to protect against weathering, rot, and insect damage. This could lead to regular replacement of the frames of your windows and doors.

Cost: Quality wooden frames for windows and doors can be more expensive than other frame materials, and the price may vary based on the type of wood chosen.

PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)

PVC is a popular choice due to its affordability and low maintenance requirements. PVC frames for windows and doors provide resistance to moisture, rot, and insects, making them a practical choice for many homeowners. However, they may not match the strength and durability of aluminium or steel. PVC frames can also expand and contract with temperature changes, potentially affecting their long-term performance.


  • Low Maintenance: PVC requires minimal upkeep and is resistant to moisture, rot, and pests.
  • Insulation: It offers good insulation properties, contributing to energy efficiency.
  • Affordability: PVC windows and doors are often more cost-effective than other frame materials.


  • Appearance: Some people find PVC less visually appealing compared to the natural look of wood or the sleekness of metal.
  • Environmental Concerns: PVC production involves chemicals and non-renewable resources, raising environmental considerations.
  • Strength: PVC is as strong or secure as its metal counterparts.


Ultimately, the choice of material depends on individual preferences, budget, and the specific needs of your home.

Before making a decision, contact our experts at Fenster to explore the windows and doors options that align best with your vision and practical requirements. A well-informed decision today ensures years of satisfaction and comfort in your home tomorrow!

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